If you’ve been diagnosed to have a problem with processing blood sugar or glucose, then chances are that you’ll want to learn more about diabetes signs, symptoms and treatments.
According to WebMD.com, diabetes is a number of diseases that involve problems with the hormone insulin. Normally, the pancreas (an organ behind the stomach) releases insulin to help your body store and use the sugar and fat from the food you eat. Diabetes can occur when the pancreas produces very little or no insulin, or when the body does not respond appropriately to insulin. As yet, there is no cure. People with diabetes need to manage their disease to stay healthy. (1)
Insulin is an important ingredient in the systems that help your body to work properly because without it, you cannot make use of glucose properly. Insulin moves glucose into the body’s cells and out of the blood, so that it can be processed to produce energy to fuel the activities of the body. The food that you eat provides you with glucose, and if insulin isn’t available, then the sugar you get from your meals will simply build up in the blood – often leading to a range of mild to severe problems.
The Types of Diabetes:
The first thing you need to know about diabetes signs, symptoms, and treatments, is that there are two main types of diabetes. The first is type 1 diabetes, which occurs when your pancreas isn’t able to make the right amount of insulin. Everyone diagnosed with type 1 diabetes will need to take insulin injections to survive. More than 90% of the people diagnosed with diabetes have the “type 2” version, which means that it’s the most common type of diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes happens when the pancreas is unable to make the right amount of insulin, or your body cannot use that insulin properly. Most of the time, type 2 diabetes appears in adults, though it can also be a problem for children. Usually, people with type 2 diabetes have a history of the condition, and many can be overweight. Eventually, if you suffer with diabetes that is type 2 form, you may need insulin injections, but this isn’t always necessary.
Another more unusual version of diabetes is known as gestational diabetes. This is a temporary condition that happens only during pregnancy. According to experts, depending on the risk factors present, up to 20% of women might develop this form of diabetes, and typically the problem will clear up by itself after delivery.
Type 1 diabetes is identified as an autoimmune disorder, and doctors believe that it’s caused by a combination of both genetic factors, and certain elements that might provoke the immune system to start working against the cells designed to produce insulin in the pancreas.
Alternatively, type 2 diabetes is a disease that’s caused by insulin resistance, and the poor production of insulin. Because the body is unable to use insulin as well as it should, or the pancreas may fail to make the right amount of insulin, you cannot move glucose out of the blood and into the cells of the body for energy. This means that the excess sugar stays in your system and effectively begins to poison the pancreas, causing it to produce less insulin.
The Symptoms in Diabetes Signs, Symptoms and Treatments:
When it comes to understanding diabetes signs, symptoms and treatments, it’s important to note that the experiences you have will vary according to the type of diabetes that you have. As noted by MayoClinic.org, diabetes symptoms vary depending on how much your blood sugar is elevated. (2) People with type 1 diabetes that isn’t being properly treated are more likely to feel excessively thirsty and urinate frequently. Usually, they feel very tired and experience a lot of weight loss despite eating a lot of food.
On the other hand, symptoms associated with type 2 diabetes can appear more gradually. People with this condition who don’t have their blood glucose under control often feel a persistent mild thirst, as well as blurred vision and mild fatigue. Some people complain of tingling within their feet and hands, and wounds that heal slowly.
Importantly, diabetes is one of the major risk factors associated with heart disease, and it’s also the biggest cause of kidney failure and blindness in adults. Adults with diabetes are also twice as likely to develop problems with their blood pressure. What’s more, people who have diabetes are more likely to undergo amputations due to problems with their blood circulation.
The Treatment in Diabetes Signs, Symptoms and Treatments:
According to Healthline, doctors treat diabetes with a few different medications. Some of these drugs are taken by mouth, while others are available as injections. (3) Options for managing the condition are one of the first things that people think about when looking into diabetes designs, symptoms, and treatments. At this time, type 1 diabetes is not preventable, but there are some studies that suggest that type 2 diabetes can be prevented by making lifestyle changes that include regular exercise and a healthy diet.
Some studies have also shown that certain medications could help to treat or prevent type 2 diabetes for some people. However, it’s worth noting that diabetes is a chronic condition that can last for the entire span of a person’s life. The goal in treating diabetes is making sure that blood glucose levels stay as normal as possible. This helps to prevent the symptoms associated with diabetes, and minimizes the risk of long-term complications.
Unlike many chronic conditions, diabetes treatments require a lot of significant effort from the diagnosed person. Managing diabetes is a lifelong challenge, and it’s important to talk to your healthcare provider about your options when you first receive your diagnosis. Usually, the first step in a treatment plan for people with diabetes is learning about the condition, and figuring out methods for how to manage it, including options for preventing complications.
Your diabetes professional, doctor, or healthcare team will be able to give you guidance on what you need to learn and how you can manage your condition as effectively as possible. However, it’s important to remember that learning how to make the most of your treatment can take time. Ultimately, the best thing you can do when you’re diagnosed with diabetes is seek support from the right people, make lifestyle changes involving diet and exercise, and use medication when it’s recommended by your doctor.
Remember, people with type 1 diabetes will need to use insulin injections to keep their blood glucose under control, but all people with diabetes will need to commit to regularly monitoring their blood sugar levels.